By Tony Hadland, Hans-Erhard Lessing
The bicycle ranks as essentially the most enduring, most generally used autos on this planet, with greater than one billion produced in the course of virtually 2 hundred years of biking background. This e-book bargains an authoritative and entire account of the bicycle's technical and ancient evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the necessity for horseless shipping in the course of a scarcity of oats) to fashionable racing motorcycles, mountain motorcycles, and recumbents. It lines the bicycle's improvement when it comes to fabrics, ergonomics, and automobile physics, as conducted by means of inventors, marketers, and manufacturers.
Written via top bicycle historians and generously illustrated with old drawings, designs, and images, Bicycle layout describes the most important phases within the evolution of the bicycle, starting with the counterintuitive inspiration of balancing on wheels in line, during the improvement of tension-spoked wheels, oblique drives (employing levers, pulleys, chains, and chainwheels), and pneumatic tires. The authors study the additional improvement of the bicycle for such particular reasons as racing, portability, and all-terrain use; they usually describe the evolution of bicycle elements together with seats, transmission, brakes, lighting fixtures (at first candle-based), and providers (racks, panniers, saddlebags, baby seats, and sidecars). they give thought to not just commercially winning designs but additionally advertisement disasters that pointed easy methods to destiny technological advancements. they usually debunk a few myths approximately bicycles -- for instance, the wrong yet often-cited concept that Leonardo sketched a chain-drive motorbike in his notebooks. regardless of the bicycle's lengthy heritage and mass charm, its technological historical past has been missed. This quantity, with its enticing and wide-ranging assurance, fills that hole. it is going to be the place to begin for all destiny histories of the bicycle.
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Additional info for Bicycle Design: An Illustrated History
2011). It utilizes centrifugal force to tilt the rider and the machine upright again. The advice on turning reminds us that in order to turn left on a single-track two-wheeler one must briefly steer to the right. Drais speaks of leaning to the left, but with the hands on the tiller that is tantamount to steering to the right. It is a modern misconception that riding a draisine was just like walking while sitting, and that all a rider could do was coast downhill. ) Speeds of 8 miles per hour and more could be sustained with occasional rapid thrusts of the legs.
1 C hapter 2 THE O RIGIN O F TH E E N G L ISH W O R D “ B I C Y C L E” “Les tricycles” had been known in Paris since Christmas 1828, when a new species of carriage, mounted on three wheels and drawn by two horses, had been introduced. ) That same year, the noun “bicycle” was used for a cabriolet, a light cab for one to two passengers drawn by a single horse and having two wheels on a single axle (Journal des Artistes, July 6, 1828). ” The French adjective “bicycle” appeared in the formulation “un vélocipède bicycle” (meaning a two-wheeled velocipede).
In March of 1818, Drais’s servant and some other men rode a small fleet of draisines from Mannheim via Strasbourg to Paris, a distance of about 300 miles. Drais wasn’t able to join them, having been invited on short notice to give a lecture before the Polytechnic Society of Frankfurt, of which he had become an honorary member. On a Sunday the French partners presented the draisines in the Jardin du Luxembourg. The park’s long avenue de l’observatoire was an ideal setting. Press opinion of this event was divided (Kobayashi 1993, 41).
Bicycle Design: An Illustrated History by Tony Hadland, Hans-Erhard Lessing