By Alex Preda
Interpreting the formation of clinical wisdom in regards to the AIDS epidemic within the Nineteen Eighties, Alex Preda highlights the metaphors, narratives, and classifications which framed medical hypotheses concerning the nature of the infectious agent and its transmission. Preda compares those arguments with these utilized in the medical research of SARS. He demonstrates how clinical wisdom approximately epidemics is formed through cultural narratives and different types of social concept via an in depth overview of biomedical guides.
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Extra resources for Aids Rhetoric and Medical Knowledge
During 1984, 25 scientiﬁc articles were published in Science, while Nature published only 5. Science reached a peak in 1986 with 27 articles (Nature: 3 articles). Nature had its peak in 1988 with 13 articles (Science: 23 articles). The articles published by Science included clinical and epidemiological analyses, while Nature focused on virology, molecular genetics, and the biochemistry of HIV. Due to these facts, I did not include Nature in Table 1. Popular science accounts, as well as articles written by science journalists for newspapers and weekly magazines have not been taken into consideration, because they pose special problems with regard to the analysis (for such an analysis, see Sturken 1997, p.
Theories of social action8 draw a clear distinction between the subject(s) of (social) action and its object(s) (Lemert 1990, p. , according to criteria of success) perform together a set of operations upon an inert object (Elster 1986, p. 12). Criteria and rules (of rationality) determine both the tuning operations (which need not necessarily be harmonious) and those performed upon the object. In this perspective, there is little or nothing to be said about texts, nor about rhetoric or language.
These forces can coexist in various combinations in a text and are like those at work in oral speech. But the notion of force itself, which is social and institutional in character, subverts the distinction between informational content and form. There are many situations – systematically explored by John Langshaw Austin (1976 , 1970) in his speech act theory – where forces directed at the form of speech manage to achieve social actions by themselves. , when baptizing a child, making a will, or making a bet).
Aids Rhetoric and Medical Knowledge by Alex Preda