Download e-book for kindle: Agriculture in Developing Countries by Keijiro Otsuka

By Keijiro Otsuka

ISBN-10: 0761936629

ISBN-13: 9780761936626

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Additional info for Agriculture in Developing Countries

Sample text

Productivity and Sources of Growth for Rice in India’, Economic and Political Weekly, 29 (53): pp. 183–88. Norton, George, W. Philip, G. Pardey and Julian M. Alston. 1992. ‘Economic Issues in Agricultural Research Priority’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 74 (1): pp. 38–45. Rosegrant W. E. Evenson. 1994. ‘Total Factor Product of Long-term Growth in Indian Agriculture’, Paper presented at IFPRI/Indian Agricultural Research Institute Workshop on Agricultural Growth in India, New Delhi, India.

Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology in Bangladesh 35 However, the following frontier production function model specifications were used in the study analysis: Ln Yi = β0 + β1LnX1i + β2LnX2i + β3LnX3i + β4D1 + β5D2 + β6D3 + vi – ui Where Ln denotes logarithms to base e Y X1 X2 X3 D1 = = = = = Yield of rice (ton/ha) Seed (Kg/ha) Fertilizer (Kg/ha) Human labour (man-days/ha) Dummy crop establishment method (1 = Bolon, 0 = Naicha) D2 = Dummy low land (1 = low land, 0 = otherwise) D3 = Dummy high land (1 = high land, 0 = otherwise) vi – ui = Decomposed error term as specified in Battese and Coelli (1995) The technical inefficiency model can be expressed as: δ0 + δ1Z1+ δ2Z2 + δ3Z3 + δ4Z4 + δ5 Z5+ Wi where; Age of farmer (years) Education (years of schooling) Dummy farm size (1= farm size is greater than 1 hectare, 0 = otherwise) Z4 = Tenancy ratio Z5 = Dummy location (1= farmer resides in Rangpur, 0 = otherwise) Wi = unobservable random variables ui Z1 Z2 Z3 = = = = The explanatory variables are included in the above model because these variables may influence the level of technical efficiency of the agricultural production farms.

The specific objectives of the study are to measure (a) the impact of research investment on the development of technologies, and (b) the rate of return to research investment made in the state. Data Sources and Methods of Analysis The present study is an attempt to quantify the returns to research investment on major field crops namely, rice, jowar, ragi, red gram, groundnut, sunflower, cotton and sugarcane grown in different agroclimatic zones of Karnataka, a predominantly agricultural state in peninsular India.

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Agriculture in Developing Countries by Keijiro Otsuka


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