By Keijiro Otsuka
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From the visionary bestselling writer of the second one international and the way to Run the area comes a bracing and authoritative advisor to a destiny formed much less via nationwide borders than via worldwide offer chains, an international within which the main attached powers—and people—will win.
Connectivity is the main progressive strength of the twenty-first century. Mankind is reengineering the planet, making an investment as much as ten trillion cash consistent with yr in transportation, power, and communications infrastructure linking the world’s burgeoning megacities jointly. This has profound results for geopolitics, economics, demographics, the surroundings, and social identification. Connectivity, now not geography, is our destiny.
In Connectography, visionary strategist Parag Khanna travels from Ukraine to Iran, Mongolia to North Korea, Pakistan to Nigeria, and around the Arctic Circle and the South China Sea to provide an explanation for the swift and extraordinary alterations affecting every little thing of the planet. He exhibits how militaries are deployed to guard offer chains up to borders, and the way international locations are much less at struggle over territory than engaged in tugs-of-war over pipelines, railways, delivery lanes, and net cables. the hot fingers race is to connect with the main markets—a race China is now profitable, having introduced a wave of infrastructure investments to unite Eurasia round its new Silk Roads. the us can in basic terms regain floor via fusing with its associates right into a super-continental North American Union of shared assets and prosperity.
Connectography bargains a different and hopeful imaginative and prescient for the longer term. Khanna argues that new strength discoveries and applied sciences have eradicated the necessity for source wars; formidable delivery corridors and tool grids are unscrambling Africa’s fraught colonial borders; even the Arab global is evolving a extra peaceable map because it builds source and alternate routes throughout its war-torn panorama. even as, thriving hubs comparable to Singapore and Dubai are injecting dynamism into younger and seriously populated areas, cyber-communities empower trade throughout colossal distances, and the world’s ballooning monetary resources are being properly invested into construction an inclusive international society. underneath the chaos of a global that looks to be falling aside is a brand new beginning of connectivity pulling it together.
Praise for Connectography
“Incredible . . . With the area quickly altering and urbanizing, [Khanna’s] proposals will be find out how to confront a greatly various destiny. ”—The Washington Post
“Clear and coherent . . . a well-researched account of the way businesses are weaving ever extra complex provide chains that pull the realm jointly whilst they squeeze out inefficiencies. . . . [He] has succeeded in demonstrating that the forces of globalization are successful. ”—Adrian Woolridge, The Wall road Journal
“Bold . . . With a watch for brilliant information, Khanna has . . . produced an enticing geopolitical travelogue. ”—Foreign Affairs
“Connectivity has turn into a uncomplicated human correct, and offers everybody in the world the chance to supply for his or her relatives and give a contribution to our shared destiny. Connectography charts the way forward for this attached global. ”—Marc Andreessen, common companion, Andreessen Horowitz
“Ahead of the curve in seeing the battlefield of the long run and the recent type of tug-of-war being waged on it. Khanna’s scholarship and foresight are world-class. A must-read for the subsequent president. ”—Chuck Hagel, former U. S. secretary of defense
From the Hardcover version.
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Because it used to be first released in 1995, improvement Macroeconomics has remained the definitive textbook at the macroeconomics of constructing nations. Now, during this absolutely revised and up to date 3rd variation, Pierre-Richard Agénor and Peter Montiel disguise the newest advances during this quickly altering box, making this the main updated, authoritative, and finished e-book to be had at the macroeconomic concerns and demanding situations constructing countries confront this day.
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Additional info for Agriculture in Developing Countries
Productivity and Sources of Growth for Rice in India’, Economic and Political Weekly, 29 (53): pp. 183–88. Norton, George, W. Philip, G. Pardey and Julian M. Alston. 1992. ‘Economic Issues in Agricultural Research Priority’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 74 (1): pp. 38–45. Rosegrant W. E. Evenson. 1994. ‘Total Factor Product of Long-term Growth in Indian Agriculture’, Paper presented at IFPRI/Indian Agricultural Research Institute Workshop on Agricultural Growth in India, New Delhi, India.
Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology in Bangladesh 35 However, the following frontier production function model specifications were used in the study analysis: Ln Yi = β0 + β1LnX1i + β2LnX2i + β3LnX3i + β4D1 + β5D2 + β6D3 + vi – ui Where Ln denotes logarithms to base e Y X1 X2 X3 D1 = = = = = Yield of rice (ton/ha) Seed (Kg/ha) Fertilizer (Kg/ha) Human labour (man-days/ha) Dummy crop establishment method (1 = Bolon, 0 = Naicha) D2 = Dummy low land (1 = low land, 0 = otherwise) D3 = Dummy high land (1 = high land, 0 = otherwise) vi – ui = Decomposed error term as specified in Battese and Coelli (1995) The technical inefficiency model can be expressed as: δ0 + δ1Z1+ δ2Z2 + δ3Z3 + δ4Z4 + δ5 Z5+ Wi where; Age of farmer (years) Education (years of schooling) Dummy farm size (1= farm size is greater than 1 hectare, 0 = otherwise) Z4 = Tenancy ratio Z5 = Dummy location (1= farmer resides in Rangpur, 0 = otherwise) Wi = unobservable random variables ui Z1 Z2 Z3 = = = = The explanatory variables are included in the above model because these variables may influence the level of technical efficiency of the agricultural production farms.
The specific objectives of the study are to measure (a) the impact of research investment on the development of technologies, and (b) the rate of return to research investment made in the state. Data Sources and Methods of Analysis The present study is an attempt to quantify the returns to research investment on major field crops namely, rice, jowar, ragi, red gram, groundnut, sunflower, cotton and sugarcane grown in different agroclimatic zones of Karnataka, a predominantly agricultural state in peninsular India.
Agriculture in Developing Countries by Keijiro Otsuka