By H. Ruthenberg
In quantity 2 of the "Afrika-Studien" an appraisal of the rural improvement coverage in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1950 to 1963 was once made. This file is a continuation of the paintings in East Africa, with the emphasis mendacity on a tentative quantitative overview of prices and advantages of smallholder improvement. There are few nations in Africa south of the Sahara the place as many and as a number of measures for the promoting of small holder farming were attempted as constantly and intensively as in Kenya. particularly the "Swynnerton Plan" ended in the employment of considerable sums in African farming. a number of the methods were hugely luck ful, others no longer. it's the function of this report back to tell approximately goals and associations, equipment and problems, bills and advantages. Prof. Dr. EMIL WOERMANN Institut fiir landwirtschaftliche Betriebs- und Landarbeitslehre, Gottingen Acknowledgements As traditional with reviews of this nature, my major debt is to a good number of smallholders, settlers, scheme managers, Agricultural officials and Instruc tors who so willingly mentioned their issues of me and therefore supplied the data on which this document is predicated. i'm so much thankful for the aid rendered by means of many of the Departments of the Kenya govt. A debt of gratitude is owed relatively to the Fritz Thyssen origin, Cologne, which supplied the cash and to the Ifo-Institute, Munich, which supplies the institutional framework for German financial learn paintings in East Africa. most respected recommendation and feedback was once given via Mr. ]. D.
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Additional info for African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya 1952–1965
Costs of the Veterinary Office, including salaries for 2-4 Officers and several Technical Assistants, expenditure for transport, medical supplies, etc. 7 gives an estimate of these costs in the three districts. The data have to be used with caution, particularly those concerning the early fifties. The information available was not complete and missing links had to be supplied on the basis of the preceding and following years. We can, however, assume that the facts are reliable enough to inform us about the magnitude involved.
5 Market cess going to the District Council. 8 Based on the arbitrary assumption that 12 per cent of the value of the marketed produce is taken by taxes on goods bought by the farmers, i. e. can be considered as revenue coming from primary income. 36 Thus, the figures of Table 8 indicate that, up to now, smallholder development has been of doubtful profitability to the Treasury itself. If we add the cesses paid to local councils to the revenues which the Treasury is likely to get out of the increase in primary income and deduct from this the local public costs, we find that all three districts show a slight negative balance.
Large scale farming had provided most of the technical answers. The agricultural Department knew, more or less, what could profitably be grown on different soils and under different climatic conditions. Most of the difficulties were encountered when trying to get people to do what was obviously advantageous, already exercised by the better African farmers in the district and certainly known to most smallholders. a) Socio-Political Handicaps A major handicap was the lack of identity between government personnel and the people.
African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya 1952–1965 by H. Ruthenberg