By G. Walter Hansen
This e-book deals a clean standpoint on Paul's use of the Abraham tale in Galatians by means of supplying a radical research of its epistolary and rhetorical contexts. partly I, parallels in Galatians to rebuke-request letters in Greek papyri function a foundation for dividing the letter into significant sections: Rebuke (1.6-4.11) and Request (3.12-6.10), the request formulation in 4.12 indicating a tremendous turning element within the letter. The Abraham argument (3.6-29) and the Hagar-Sarah allegory (4.12-31) could be seen as Paul's biblical rebuke and biblical charm respectively. Rhetorical research classifies 1.1-4.11 as forensic rhetoric, characterised through defence and accusations concerning previous activities, and 4.12-6.18 as deliberative rhetoric, marked via exhortation and dissuasion relating to destiny activities. partly II, exegetical research of 3.1-29 stresses the subordination of the Abraham argument to the framework supplied by way of Paul's expressions of the rebuke. inside this framework, the autobiographical part and the Abraham argument part are parallel advancements of the thesis assertion (1.11-12). either sections emphasize Paul's missiological problem to maintain the reality of the Gospel for the liberty of Gentile believers. research of 4.21-31 indicates how the allegory features in the request component to the letter as biblical aid for the decision to withstand the troublemakers, environment the level for the authoritative charm of 5.13-6.10. From the point of view supplied by means of this research, major implications which relate to broader theological matters in Pauline theology are set forth; the functionality of Paul's doctrine of justification by means of religion because the foundation for his Gentile challenge, Paul's view of the Gentile church because the Israel of God, and the covenantal constitution of Paul's ethics which pertains to the reaction of religion to obedience within the divine will. 3 appendices review contemporary dialogue of significant history matters: The Opponent's Use of the Abraham culture, Abraham in Jewish Literature, and Paul and Jewish Exegesis.
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Additional resources for Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts
P. Oxy. 1-22, 33-37 AD iv (iou 'Epjaeiac; ei'nep 6 d 10 7Tpd<; ae TO n^oiov ro rou yeouxou Kara^ajuipd napd aoi nkr\v sdv 8td djaeAiav u v d KaraXdpri G7TOu5aaov ndpavra rov vdi)TT|v em rr|v djaa ro) H6jLi(j)06VTi 8KnejiV|/ai aXK opa \xi\ a\ieXr\oi)c; r\ Kai 8u5ia earl Kai ro JTAXHOV dvev8yKe °v 15 5uvdrai ev rfj aTijuiepov auroc 6 vaurr|<; d ^ salutation rebuke formula cause for rebuke rebuke for negligence imperative summons to responsibility 1. Epistolary Analysis yap evoxAoujbieGa e a v 8e d 20 41 expression of distress 6 OIKO<; f|jii(ov nepiordai Koivcoveiv \isXkei 8id rf|v dnouaiav TOU yeouxou uno TOO (tKDpTiKou Ajiijuicoviou 22 33 ropo<; Kai TOU JLAT} dusAT]or)<; summons to responsibility ev rrj aiijiepov TO n>x>iov fj TOV vai)TT|v eppcbaGai a e closing health wish 37 To my lord and brother, Horion, from Hermias.
The following outline of the ©aujidCco-rebuke section of Galatians is derived from this analysis of the features common to letters and the epistolary conventions related to these features. I. 1-5 II. 11 A. 21 1. iv Aeyco 2. 11 rvoopi^co yap UJJIV dSeX^oi 3. 13 HKOuaaxe yap rfjv £\ir\v dvaorpo(j)^v B. 10 1. 1-5 2. 7 yivcooKexe dpa o n 3. 11 (|)o(3oO|iai The Request Section Gal. 20). 11 1. 21—suggests that this section is a significant turning point in the letter. 69 The significance of this cluster of epistolary formula in Gal.
If you neglect it, our house is likely, owing to the absence of the landlord, to be brought to a critical pass through the tiresome Ammonius, the speculator and the praefect's assistant... [additional instructions]. D o not neglect to send the boat or the sailor today. I pray for your lasting health, brother. P . H e r m . 1-19 AD iv 1 Msya<; OXujanicp x a i TCOV EJJOJV cov salutation rebuke formula cause for rebuke prior instruction Abraham in Galatians 42 ooi KOX oyiv nepi TOU TTpCOTOV JieV 10 15 nepi rfj<; ooKr\pia<; oou enevca nepi ndvxcav oov enpa^a^ ev Sap(3irriQ) eiScix; o n ou |iiKpa>£ dycovia) Kairoi ye noXAcbv Katepxouevcov npo<; e|ie Kdv VUV OUV ndvra unep0ejmevo<; ypd\|/ov uoi nepi ndvrcov tcov Kara ae Kai da(()aAx^ ndvra noiei disclosure formula expression of distress imperative Megas to Olympius, greetings.
Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts by G. Walter Hansen