By David Chandler
From precedent days, Europe has been formed and re-shaped by way of army campaigns concerning greater than 2000 battles. With assistance from a workforce of participants, David Chandler has assembled a accomplished consultant to 245 battlefields, giving easy evidence relating to position, ancient context and the target of every engagement, information of the opposing forces, casualties and final result, and an invaluable bibliography referring to every one.
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Extra info for A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe
T h e y were arrayed in a long tightly packed phalanx, w i t h a small reserve u n d e r J o h n van Remesse behind a n d a n o t h e r 1,200 men still farther to the r e a r on g u a r d in case t h e F r e n c h garrison in Courtrai sallied forth. On the morning of 11 J u l y , after an exchange of cross-bow fire across the stream, R o b e r t of Artois ordered his cavalry to charge at the Flemings. T h e three lines of men-at-arms were thrown into disorder by their own infantry as they reached the brook.
C o m m a n d of t h e crucial right flank a n d centre was entrusted to Prince Eugene. Marshal Vendôme, infuriated by Burgundy's intransigence, forgot his rôle of commander-in-chief a n d plunged into t h e 27 fighting, pike in h a n d . J u d g i n g the m o m e n t for victory to be close, M a r l b o r o u g h sent General Overkirk a n d the young Prince of O r a n g e on a long detour t h r o u g h O u d e n a r d e to the Boser Goûter high ground. This move through dead ground went unnoticed by the French right a n d centre, who suddenly found themselves assailed in flank a n d rear by the D u t c h a n d Danish troops, whilst Eugene launched a desperate charge against their left.
The Russian army was to attack across the middle Rhine, and the Austrian across the lower Rhine. Wellington and Blücher were ready for operations first. By the end of May 1815 Napoleon had nearly 300,000 men under arms and, of these, 125,000 formed the Armée du Nord under his personal command. He decided to deal with his enemies piecemeal if possible, and to start by attacking Wellington and Blücher who were advancing from the Netherlands and the lower Rhine. His reasons for this choice were that the eastern and south-eastern frontiers of France were strong and could be held with relatively few troops for the time being.
A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe by David Chandler